With many conservation methods occurring concerning the archipelago of the Galapagos Islands, it is becoming easier for people to see and enjoy. This remote archipelago is home to a massive collection of famous wildlife known throughout the world.
Together with the theory of evolution through natural selection that Darwin developed, it is an integral scientific concept, and without conservation methods we could drop these creatures that are the reason we know a lot of what we do about how we evolved. The following are a couple of the islands’ more common inhabitants, resident on the island year round and always pleased to give a photo opportunity for visiting tourists.
Galapagos Fur Seal
This species of Fur Seal is the smallest and most terrestrial of all fur seals and lives on a diet of squid, fish and octopus, with predators that include Killer Whales and sharks. The Fur Seals can normally be found in shade on steep, rugged and rocky ground, spending only around 70% of their life in the water.
In reality, the Fur Seal is basically a sea lion species with the Galapagos one smaller than the relatives. The creatures are generally smaller in size using a wider and shorter head than Sea Lions and are a dark brown to light grey color.
Unfortunately, the early 1980s saw the event of El Nio and this reduced the amount of Galapagos fur seals greatly – there are currently around 40,000. 20 years in the average life span.
It seems that the finches have flown in from mainland South America and have colonised on the islands, whilst changing form. Interbreeding of the birds from various islands isn’t possible due to the distances and so the populations on the various islands are unique. They also have different diets, finches with big sturdy beaks tend to consume nuts and finches with thin sharp beaks tend to eat insects.
Lots of people think that these finches were collected by Darwin and were an essential part of how he developed the evolution theory which we all know. The species which took advantage of the available food sources lived and were most likely to reproduce and pass on their genes to further generations.